The Holocaust or Shoah was a unique event in 20th century history of the persecution and systematic annihilation of European Jews by hands of the German State and its collaborators. It evolved between 1933 with the Rise to Power of the Nazism and the end of World War II in 1945.

During the Second World War, the Nazis sought to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and to destroy its culture. In 1941, there were about 11 million Jews living in Europe; by May of 1945, the Nazis had murdered six million of them. One-and-a-half million of these were children.

Whilst the Jews of Europe were the Nazis’ primary target, because of their perceived “racial inferiority”, many millions of other people were also imprisoned, enslaved, and murdered “,like the Sinti and Roma (Gypsies), those with mental or physical disabilities, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and some Slavonic origin people, specially Poles and Russians.

The Nazis did not act alone. They were supported and assisted by people from the countries they occupied all over Europe. Most countries stood by while the Nazis and their accomplices carried out the mass murder of the Jewish people.